A correct survival guide prepares you not just for a fun night in the Wild, but also for unexpected incidents that may happen anytime in anyone’s lives.
The first question that most people ask is what to take in the wild. You can find the answer from most of the items of the list but since you can’t carry everything with you, it’s important to know what you can survive with and what without.
2. Jerry cans filled with water.
3. Matches, lighter (with extra lighter fluid)
6. Pots and pans
7. First aid
9. Casual clothing
11. Map of the area
12. Note of the animals living in the area
13. Hunting Knives
16. Survival gear
Even though you need survival gear for your expedition, the more vital component you need is the proper mindset.
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How Do You Develop the Proper Mindset?
Your psychology of survival depends on you to look within. If you cannot center your mind to stay calm, you won’t even survive the first day. Maybe a story will set you straight. There was once a man lost for 3 days and 3 nights in the woods, he almost ran out of food and water. With the fear of death circling his head, he ran until he got out of the woods and then crossed the road to enter the woods again, thus meeting his death.
The first step to stay alive is to stay calm at almost all moments if not all.
The six traits you require are:
– Positive Attitude
A positive attitude equals positive results and will decrease your chances of being eaten by a bear. You can start by practicing to stay positive from right now. Failed a test? The next one will be better. Hollered at by your neighbors? They must’ve had a bad day. Can’t buy that hip yet classy belt? Money well saved.
– Stay Tough
To exercise your mental toughness, you need to relax even during the harshest circumstances. If you lose hope, your worst fears will gain more power to attack you. Try to imagine terrible situations you fall in as even slightly better than the worst-case scenarios.
Find out what motivates you to stay alive even during nightmares. If you know who or what gives you the meaning of life, you’re in for the long haul. Some people rely on religious beliefs or a higher power. Others find the motivation to come back to a beloved or family or friends perhaps.
– Work Ethic
This may be a bit far–fetched, but being a workaholic is impossible as it seems. A person with a great work ethic owns up to the task and stays on top of their job until they get the job done. Working in constant pressure teaches one to tolerate workloads and still fight through.
You may have heard the words, “Survival of the fittest”. The animals and plants which learned to adapt to the ever-changing world survived. And the ones who fell short and couldn’t adapt didn’t cut. You need to understand the environment and take steps accordingly.
You need to establish a deeper connection with nature. A challenge of the wilderness survival is the lack of the consumerist, capitalistic, “civilized” social values. You will find the profound experience of life when you connect with nature.
The principles of surviving in the wild are not limited to the mental state but also necessitate your physical grasp of nature. The basic elements of a harmonious living include empowering yourself over nature.
Into The Wild Survival Guide: Build a Shelter to Survive
The most common physical struggle is exposure to the elements of nature. A survival shelter can be built in many forms, for example, a debris hut which can be considered as a combination of a tent and a sleeping bag. Proper shelter and the right clothes will keep you comfortable according to your weather. The first rule is to make sure your shelter is not in the territory of animals.
Build your shelter near a water source but not on the water’s edge. Water’s edge is usually the go-to place for wild animals to quench their thirst. Other places for building a shelter can be against a Cliffside or a fallen tree. These blocks out the wind as well as helps you to hide from the sight of animals. Make your shelter small but enough to fit your body. The smaller the shelter, the easier it is to trap heat. It is not necessary to build a shelter if you find nature already offering you one.
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Into The Wild Survival Guide: Find Water
You can survive without water for 3 days. But always locate the nearest river, stream, etc. The water found in nature may be fresh, but it is not suitable for consumption. Always sterilize water by boiling it for 20 minutes (+ 1 minute for sea level above 1000 ft). Water flows downhill, so you can look for water bodies in depressions. You can also locate the source if you go uphill. The water there is free from contamination. Dig holes if your search is futile. A 1-foot deep hole can collect water overnight. The water may be muddy, so you can strain it with a cloth and fill it in a container. Collect dew by covering plants with clean cloth and wring it into your mouth.
The insides of plants are also good finds for pure water. Ants are often around water sources, so you will be able to find small water deposit if you follow the ants. Just don’t eat any ants. They sting!
Into The Wild Survival Guide: Light a Fire
Whether you need to cook food, sterilize water, find warmth, signal rescuers or shoo away predators, a fire gets the job done. Collecting decent firewood to start a fire for a single night is a good start. Dig a fire pit away from your shelter and line the edge with stones. Then you can start your kindling using leaves. You can easily ignite a fire with a lens. Even the lens of an eyeglass will work in such cases. Just angle the lens towards sun, and focus the beam into a small area of leaves.
Another technique for making a fire is using a bow drill. But expertise is required in handling such equipment to create smoke and gently spark a fire. You will need skills to learn how to build a fire for building a fire pit, a fire reflector, adding fuels, tending and maintenance and also to light a match! A fire can be kept burning throughout the day by continuously adding wood to it. Several small fires provide much better heat than one large fire. One precaution is to always sit between your back wall and the fire.
Make Sure to Arrange Enough Food
Always assume that you will require extra food. Food choices can vary from wild animals and plants to insects and bugs. Search for bugs in the dirt and do not be shy of eating them as they are one of the sources of protein. Look for them in damp areas as they stay around moisture.
Trees can be used for nuts and edible bark. But do not eat plants you can’t recognize. And don’t start eating any berries you see. Look for specific markings and colors to identify poisonous berries. Bird nests can be rummaged for eggs but you need to cook them in coal beds as these are not organic! Fish can be caught easily from streams in cold countries whereas you may need a proper guide to make spears and traps to catch small animals. Skills such as hunting, fishing, trapping, signaling and first aid are vital if you want to survive on your own. You will also need survival gear but the gear is nothing without the skills to use them. But the most important gear that you will need is your brain.
Some Essential Tips
When the time comes, your brain will be able to protect you with the help of commonsense, wisdom, and alertness. You will also need expert advice for your next expedition:
1. When you sleep, cover yourself with bits of dirt, debris, and leaves. These will provide you insulation from the cold.
2. Eat before you go to bed. As your body metabolizes your meal, you receive warmth during your cold sleep.
3. Do not go away from your hut without a knife, a fire starter, water, and a raincoat.
4. Stay in when it rains. Do not get wet unnecessarily and keep your clothes dry if you don’t want to catch a cold.
5. Keep aloof of predators. Large animals are attracted by the smell of food. Discard food after eating to avoid smells.
To conclude, survival in the wild cannot be compared to camping. You will need instincts, gears, skills and a lot of techniques just to struggle to stay alive in the wild. This survival guide covers only a part of the basics that you will require to be in the wild. In-depth coverage can be found if you read more of our blogs. Keep hope and never back down.